It’s a skill-oriented course to provide practice and knowledge to an individual to prepare the room and patient for performing diagnostic imaging examinations such as X-ray, CT scan and MRI under the guidance. Prepare the patients, unit & machine and keep patient records along with maintaining the standards of the equipment.
The objectives of this subject are:
- Covers the practical application of radiography in the paramedical profession.
- Includes principles of x-ray production, the operation and uses of x-ray machines, the care and development of films, and radiographic positioning of patients.
- Prerequisites: Admission to the X-Ray Technology program.
- Use an understanding of diagnostic quality images to determine options to correct deficiencies and to maximize diagnostic benefit and minimize radiation exposure based on repeated images.
- Apply knowledge of the health risks and effective safety procedures and professional judgment to minimize risks to personnel and patients during radiographic procedures.
The trainee will submit a Practice/Project/Learning record after each class/session.
- The assessment of the theory/knowledge will be based on a written test/viva-voce or both, while the skill test shall be hands-on practical.
Module I : Anatomy & Physiology
Skeletal System, .Respiratory system, Digestive System, Urinary system, Central nervous system, Endocrine system, Reproductive system.
Module II : Essential Physics
Sound & Heat, A.C. and D.C. power supply, Rectification and Transformers, Electromagnetic radiation spectrum and its properties, Production of X and gamma rays, Radioactivity, Interaction of radiation with matter, Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), Radiation protection.
Module III : Principles of imaging
X-ray films, Intensifying screens, X-ray cassettes, Darkroom and equipment in Darkroom, Developer & fixer, Automatic Processing system, LASER Printer.
Module IV : Construction of Equipment
Stationery anode x-ray tube, rotating anode x-ray tube, Beam Restrictors, Grids, Fluoroscopy, Image Intensifier tube, Portable and mobile x-ray units, Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).
Module V : Radiographic Technique– 1
- Upper limb, Lower Limb, Vertebral column, Skull Radiography, Chest X-Ray, Abdominal X-Ray. Views: AP, PA, LATERAL, OBLIQUE, RAO, LAO
Module VI : Radiographic Special Procedures
Contrast media used in the x-ray department (inclusive of those applicable to CT & MRI), Barium meal, Barium swallow, Barium enema, BMFT, IPV, HSG, RGU, MCUG, Myelography, Sialography, Angiography.
Module VII : Mammography & Ultrasound
Mammography Machine, Views, Ultrasound, Transducer, Probes, Properties of Ultrasound. Doppler Ultra Sound.
Module VII : Computed Tomography & Magnetic Resonance Imaging
History of CT & MRI, Generations of CT & Hounsfield Units, Concept of Voxel, Pixel, Basics of magnetism, Types of magnetism & Magnet, Larmour Frequency, Basic instrumentation of Coils, Advantages, Disadvantages, safety measures.